The ultimate aim of public debt management is always to ensure the financial requirements and the repayment obligations of the government are met within the shortest possible time frame, at a most affordable level of risk, at an appropriate level of fiscal capability. But, what can go wrong? Here are some of the public debt management causes of financial crises, as well as how to avoid them.
First of all, any and all financial obligations of the citizens to the government must be repaid in full within a reasonable amount of time, or else there will be dire consequences. This means that all financial commitments made by the citizens are considered public debt. If these obligations are not repaid, then the authorities will have to seize the assets, which they will then turn over to the creditors, in order to recover their money.
It is also important to note that when these assets are confiscated, the value will certainly be lower than the original sum owed. And, because the creditors have foregone their assets, they will be under pressure to sell these assets to the government, at a reduced price, or otherwise face bankruptcy.
Second, whenever the state takes control of any debt, the state will have to pay interest on that debt. This interest is known as “service charges.” When these debts are accumulated and become bigger in amount, more service charges will accumulate on top of each other, as the debts are continued to be carried out. The result of this phenomenon is that, instead of one debt being repaid in full, it is now expected to be paid in installments.
The effect of the increase in service charges is that, eventually, the debt becomes unmanageable and so it will not be repaid in full. At that point, the government will have to resort to taking possession of the assets of the citizens to try to pay off its debts, which they will do through auctions.
Thirdly, debt problems may also come about when there is an inflation within the economy, when more goods and services are being sold for a price that is less than they are really worth. This problem is commonly referred to as “inflation.” When there is inflation, it will create a situation whereby prices go up for the same items that were previously sold at lower prices.
As a result, public debt will rise, along with the price of goods and services, and this situation will lead to a worsening of the situation. Because of this, many people who are having trouble paying back their debts will begin to look to other alternatives.
At that point, the country will see a financial crisis, where the government will then be forced to take control of the assets of citizens and sell them in order to pay off the debts. When that happens, the people that hold the assets may be left without jobs, which will again force the government to resort to liquidation. All of this will occur as long as inflation continues to prevail.
There are a few reasons why these management causes are considered to be a bad thing for the economy, especially when it comes to the economy’s future. Among them are:
The higher the interest rate, the larger the amount that the government needs to borrow in order to be able to pay off all of the debts that it has. If the interest rate goes up, then there will be a smaller number of people that are able to pay off the debts, which means that more interest will have to be paid on the debts. and more money will need to be borrowed. to pay them.
When the debts that have been created are unsecured debts, this means that they are not backed by anything valuable. and there is no collateral for a loan. Once they are paid off, then the amount of money required to pay them off becomes equal to the total amount of what was borrowed. Therefore, the debt will not be paid off in full.
Since this type of debt will not be repaid in full, the entire system will not be able to continue to function normally. As a result, the economy may not be able to sustain itself. It could cause inflation to set in and it would no longer be able to support itself, causing an economic crisis to happen.